A rode is what attaches an anchored boat to its anchor. It may be made of chain, rope, or a combination of the two. Walls are called bulkheads or ceilings , while the surfaces referred to as ceilings on land are called overheads or deckheads. Floors are called soles or decks. The toilet is traditionally called the head , the kitchen is the galley.
When lines are tied off, this may be referred to as made fast or belayed. Sails in different sail plans have unchanging names, however. For the naming of sails, see sail-plan. The tying and untying of knots and hitches, as well as the general handling of ropes and lines, are fundamental to the art of sailing. It also lists securing a line around a cleat and the use of winches and jamming cleats. The RYA Competent Crew syllabus adds the following to the list above, as well as knowledge of the correct use of each:. In addition, it requires competent crewmembers to understand 'taking a turn' around a cleat and to be able to make cleated lines secure.
Lines and halyards need to be coiled neatly for stowage and reuse. Dock lines need to be thrown and handled safely and correctly when coming alongside, up to a buoy, and when anchoring, as well as when casting off and getting under way. In some sailing events, such as the Olympic Games , which are held on closed courses where no other boating is allowed, specific racing rules such as the Racing Rules of Sailing RRS may apply.
The stand-on vessel must hold a steady course and speed but be prepared to take late avoiding action to prevent an actual collision if the other vessel does not do so in time. The give-way vessel must take early, positive and obvious avoiding action, without crossing ahead of the other vessel.
Rules 16— Specifically, for sailing boats, red and green sidelights and a white sternlight are required, although for vessels under 7 metres Sailors are required to be aware not only of the requirements for their own boat, but of all the other lights, shapes and flags that may be shown by other vessels, such as those fishing, towing, dredging, diving etc.
Rules 32— Licensing regulations vary widely across the world. While boating on international waters does not require any license, a license may be required to operate a vessel on coastal waters or inland waters.
Some jurisdictions require a license when a certain size is exceeded e. For example, the European Union issues the International Certificate of Competence , which is required to operate pleasure craft in most inland waterways within the union. The United States , in contrast, has no licensing, but instead has voluntary certification organizations such as the American Sailing Association.
Sailboat racing generally fits into one of two categories:.
Sailing is a diverse sport with many pinnacles from the Olympic Games to many world championships titles to development based campaigns for the America's Cup to round the world races such as the Vendee Globe and Volvo Ocean Race. Sailboat racing ranges from single person dinghy racing to large boats with 10 or more crew and from small boats costing a few thousand dollars to multimillion-dollar America's Cup campaigns.
The costs of participating in the high-end large boat competitions make this type of sailing one of the most expensive sports in the world. However, there are inexpensive ways to get involved in sailboat racing, such as at community sailing clubs, classes offered by local recreation organizations and in some inexpensive dinghy and small catamaran classes.
Under these conditions, sailboat racing can be comparable to or less expensive than sports such as golf and skiing. Sailboat racing is one of the few sports in which people of all ages and genders can regularly compete with and against each other. The sport of Sailboat racing is governed by the World Sailing with most racing formats using the Racing Rules of Sailing. Sailing regattas contain events which are defined by a combination of discipline, equipment, gender and sailor categories. Common categories of equipment include the following dinghies , multihulls , keelboats sailing yacht windsurfers , kiteboarding and radio-controlled sailboats.
The majority of sailing events are "open" events in which males and females compete together on equal terms either as individuals or part of a team. Sailing has had female only World Championships since the s to encourage participation and now host more than 30 such World Championship titles each year.
While many mixed-gender crews have competed in open events compulsory mixed gender are now included as events in both Olympic Nacra 17 and Paralympic SKUD Most sailboat and yacht racing is done in coastal or inland waters. Not only do participants compete for days with little rest, but an unexpected storm, a single equipment failure, or collision with an ice floe could result in the sailboat being disabled or sunk hundreds or thousands of miles from search and rescue. Class racing can be further subdivided into measurement controlled and manufacturer controlled classes.
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Manufacturer controlled classes strictly control the production and source of equipment. However, it is measurement controlled classes that offer the diversity in equipment. Some classes use measurement control to tightly control the boats as much as manufacturer class e. At the other end of the extreme are the development classes which freely allow development within a defined framework. These are most commonly either formula based like the metre class or a box-rule that defines key criteria like maximum length, minimum weight, and maximum sail area.
Sailing for pleasure can involve short trips across a bay, day sailing , coastal cruising, and more extended offshore or 'blue-water' cruising. These trips can be singlehanded or the vessel may be crewed by families or groups of friends. Sailing vessels may proceed on their own, or be part of a flotilla with other like-minded voyagers. Sailing boats may be operated by their owners, who often also gain pleasure from maintaining and modifying their craft to suit their needs and taste, or may be rented for the specific trip or cruise.
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A professional skipper and even crew may be hired along with the boat in some cases. People take cruises in which they crew and 'learn the ropes' aboard craft such as tall ships , classic sailing vessels and restored working boats. Cruising trips of several days or longer can involve a deep immersion in logistics , navigation , meteorology , local geography and history , fishing lore, sailing knowledge, general psychological coping, and serendipity. Once the boat is acquired it is not all that expensive an endeavor, often much less expensive than a normal vacation on land.
It naturally develops self-reliance, responsibility, economy, and many other useful skills. Besides improving sailing skills, all the other normal needs of everyday living must also be addressed. There are work roles that can be done by everyone in the family to help contribute to an enjoyable outdoor adventure for all.
A style of casual coastal cruising called gunkholing is a popular summertime family recreational activity.
It consists of taking a series of day sails to out of the way places and anchoring overnight while enjoying such activities as exploring isolated islands, swimming , fishing , etc. Many nearby local waters on rivers, bays, sounds, and coastlines can become great natural cruising grounds for this type of recreational sailing. Casual sailing trips with friends and family can become lifetime bonding experiences. Long-distance voyaging, such as that across oceans and between far-flung ports, can be considered the near-absolute province of the cruising sailboat.
Most modern yachts of 25—55 feet long, propelled solely by mechanical powerplants, cannot carry the fuel sufficient for a point-to-point voyage of even — miles without needing to resupply; but a well-prepared sail-powered yacht of similar length is theoretically capable of sailing anywhere its crew is willing to guide it. Even considering that the cost benefits are offset by a much-reduced cruising speed, many people traveling distances in small boats come to appreciate the more leisurely pace and increased time spent on the water.
Since the solo circumnavigation of Joshua Slocum in the s, long-distance cruising under sail has inspired thousands of otherwise normal people to explore distant seas and horizons. The important voyages of Robin Lee Graham , Eric Hiscock , Don Street  and others have shown that, while not strictly racing, ocean voyaging carries with it an inherent sense of competition, especially that between man and the elements. Such a challenging enterprise requires keen knowledge of sailing in general as well as maintenance, navigation especially celestial navigation , and often even international diplomacy for which an entire set of protocols should be learned and practiced.
But one of the great benefits of sailboat ownership is that one may at least imagine the type of adventure that the average affordable powerboat could never accomplish. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Sailing disambiguation. Propulsion of a vehicle by wind power. Sailing craft and their rigs. Sailing hydrofoil catamaran with wingsail. DN class ice boat. Further information: Maritime history. Main article: Forces on sails. Main articles: Lift force and Lift-induced drag. Spinnaker set for a broad reach, generating both lift, with separated flow, and drag.
Symmetric spinnaker while running downwind, primarily generating drag. Symmetric spinnaker cross-section with following apparent wind, showing vortex shedding.
Further information: Point of sail. Close-hauled : the pennant is streaming backwards, the sails are sheeted in tightly. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Further information: Hull watercraft.
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Further information: Sailboat. Further information: Glossary of nautical terms. See also: List of knots. Main article: Sailing sport. Sailing portal. Main article: Outline of sailing. New Zealand Geographic. University of Alabama Press. New York: St. Martin's Press. Physics of Sailing. CRC Press. The New Book of Sail Trim. Sheridan House, Inc. January Louisiana State University. Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved April Mariners Weather Log. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Bloomsbury Publishing. High Performance Sailing. Adlard Coles Nautical. Retrieved 13 March Donald; Henson, Robert Meteorology Today 11 ed. Cengage Learning. Royce's Sailing Illustrated. ProStar Publications. Cruising World. Washington Department of Ecology. December Retrieved March 23, My Hand on the Tiller. Sailing Fundamentals Revised ed. It won't provide all of the sailing or travel information you need, but it will make you smile and help prepare you for many of the experiences encountered while sailing in paradise.
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You'll learn some things here that can't be found in cruising guides or how-to sail and cruise books. As Barb says, "This is the stuff I didn't know I needed to know before we left. It won't answer relevant questions of the day, but it will make you smile as you recognize yourself, your spouse, or your parents in these essays about one baby-boomer couple undertaking a journey together. Harts at Sea Sailing to Windward is comprised of the stories of their first year as full-time cruisers. It's an often funny, sometimes useful, and always honest record of their journey from Portland, Maine to Grenada.
Barb Hart and her husband, EW, are still happily married, sailing aboard La Luna, and getting haircuts in exotic harbors. Help Centre. Track My Order. My Wishlist Sign In Join. By: Barbara J Hart. Be the first to write a review. Add to Wishlist. We've been extremely busy with the match racing. While others stayed in, we went out in the light breeze of the "Kieler bucht" and raced 15 flights on Monday and another 9 on Tuesday.
Sunday was the "lightest" day so far with only 7 flights. The reparcharge and the quarter finals are all done. We sailed for places five and six and for places seven and eight. All that is left to do are the semi-finals and the finals. We do those today… on what is called in the jury the "Medal-race day" With the breeze filling in to around 16 knots we had very good races with real match race fligths and lot's of calls. Difficult yes, but exciting also and lots of fun. I still am not always happy with my "transitions" but have lot's more confidence in positioning and am more and more able to predict what will happen next.
I was hoping to be able to post this last night, but was called into hearings and spend a couple of hours in an international jury doing protest. I'll post about the calls asap, but now I already have to go to the morning briefing. Labels: blog , events , match race. Sunday, 21 June Kiel Part 2. Long days indeed! We spend nine and a bit hours on the water the first day. Two groups of seven boats in a round robin each, with seven flights with three matches equals 14 flights and 42 matches.
Actually we did 43 because one race was abandoned by the RC and had to be re sailed. Out at quarter to ten, in around seven. I am indeed looking forward to a good night sleep. The Elliot 6es are very nice boats. Athletic, lots of trim, and very fast accelerating, when there's a little more breeze. The speed difference between 6 and 8 knots is remarkable. Dinghy sailors would be right at home in these boats.
We saw a lot of matches decided on pure boat speed. You have to let the boat get some speed before you start sheeting in. The apparent wind angle for these kevlar sails is quite important. Combined with a narrow "AC"-like keel the sailors have there hands full. The ones who figured this out rather sooner then later, were the ones who won there matches. It's now , so please forgive me if I make this short. Tomorrow will be another full day. Labels: events , match race , race management. Saturday, 20 June Kiel Part 1. Trough a couple of heavy rain showers, which impeded our speed severely, passing some very staggered but in total very long road works, we arrived in Kiel around half past five.
The trip took us five and a quarter hours, with one short stop for a coffee. By driving during the day we at least avoided the congestions round Bremen and Hamburg. In Kiel everything is the same and also new and different. This will be my fifth Kiel-week, with many familiar faces and some interesting new ones. We didn't have a long time for greetings since the first Jury meeting was already scheduled for hours. But I must tell you that several new people on the jury immediately started telling me they very much enjoyed reading LTW.
It was very nice to hear this. I will endeavour to meet their expectations. After the first meeting, where a policy discussion about Jury protest was the main topic, we went straight on to a meeting with all the MR competitors - all 21 teams! And after that the topics were discussed in our first umpire meeting. To start with the first meeting: The Organisers of Kiel-week wanted to have a more active role of the Jury on the water regarding rule infringements. The SI give the Jury the possibility to show a red flag and blow a whistle when they observe a boat breaking a rule of Part 2.
After some discussion we ended up with a clear policy: When we see an infringement where we can clearly identify the boat which broke the rule, we can show the flag and blow our whistle. Depending on any boat protesting or taking penalties, we then can decide if we want to hand in a paper protest. I'm curious how this is going to work. I'll hope to get back to this issue in the second half of Kiel-week in the International part, after the Match Racing is done. The new Elliots have been sailing today! Each team had the opportunity to practice.
I haven't seen them on the water yet, but asking the teams in the meeting, two things were discussed: - The acceleration of the boat is very fast! And due to a restriction on the helm.. I'll have to see tomorrow. I'm certainly going to keep my distance for a couple of matches before I trust myself closer to these new boats. The plan is to have four MR-umpires who will stay with the event the whole time.
And then have others from the Jury - who have umpire skills - rotate in and out every day. I will be with the Elliots until Wednesday. The first two in each group go through to the quarter finals and all the others will do a repecharge in two groups seven and eight teams respectively With the winners of those RR, we will do another with the final eight boats.
Semi finals in a knock out and finals as well, will complete the program. A very full schedule. It will take us long days on the water to do this in five days… Hopefully the weather will cooperate. I'll tell you how this will develop in coming day's. Description of Incident The description of the incident from the protest form is as shown. Gullwing and Heron are 10m keelboats. Gullwing responded to Flotsam who was shooting the finish mark.
In the act of keeping clear of Flotsam , Gullwing collided with Heron , on port tack Gullwing protests Heron for failing to keep clear under rule Contact occurred without damage or injury. I hailed 'protest' and my crew immediately displayed a red flag. Heron 's Questions to Gullwing Q.
Was Heron clear ahead when she reached the zone? Protest Committee's Questions to Gullwing Q. Did you do any penalty turns in respect of the incident? Heron's Description of the Incident Heron had finished about 30m ahead of Flotsam and Gullwing , and I tacked immediately I had crossed the line to get clear of the finish pin which Flotsam and Gullwing were aiming for.